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Facts & Figures

Believed to have been first discovered in 4BC, diamonds have captured the imagination for centuries



The usual percentage of a diamond that comprises carbon
The number of significant kimberlite mines operating in the world today
of the world’s diamonds by value are produced in Africa today
years ago – diamonds were formed
All diamonds came from alluvial sources up to this date.
The number of ‘Tier 1’ diamond mines in the world today (+US$20bn Reserves)
1 in 10,000
diamonds is fancy coloured
of brides now receive a diamond engagement ring in the US


The estimated chance of finding a new diamond mine
2020 global production, valued at US$9.2bn
Of the world’s diamonds are today from sources free of conflict
The earliest reference to diamonds appeared in Sanskrit texts
Equals 1 carat: the unit used to measure diamonds
Or 621 grams and 10.5 centimetres long: the Cullinan (from the Cullinan mine) is the largest gem diamond ever discovered
The year Mary of Burgundy’s marriage to Maximilian I, the first known lady to receive a diamond engagement ring
c.10 million
people globally are directly or indirectly supported by the diamond industry, from mining to retail

Key Facts

  • Enduring Diamond is Earth’s hardest natural substance
  • Unique Every diamond is unique, differing in size, quality, shape and colour
  • Divine For centuries people believed the diamond to be a gift from the gods